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七年级英语上册(初一英语上册知识点)

七年级英语上册(初一英语上册知识点)

七年级上册英语人教版期末试卷


七年级英语期末考试试题

第一卷选择题(50分)

I.单项选择。(每小题1分,计15分)

( )1. This is _________ alarm clock.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

( )2. We don’t like_________.

A. broccoli B. broccolis C. a broccoli D. broccolies

( )3. _________. Is this your pen?

A. Sorry B. Hello C. Excuse me D. Hi

( )4. Do you have two ________?

A. tennis racket B. tennis rackets

C. tennis’ racket D. tennis’ rackets

( )5. He _________ his homework at school.

A. doesn’t do B. don’t does

C. isn’t do D. does not

( )6. ________this your guitar?

A. Am B. Is C. Are D. Do

( ) 7. Let’s _________ now.

A. go to home B. to go home C. go home D. to go to ( ) 8. How much are these shoes? _________ twenty dollars.

A. Are B. There C. They’re D. Their

( ) 9. My father usually________ a shower _________the morning.

A. take; in B. takes; in C. take; on D. takes; at

( )10. ________you play the violin?

A. Are B. Can C. Is D. When

( )11 ---This is my sister Ann.

---Is _____ a student?

A. she B. he C. her D. his

( )12. I ________ two baseballs and my friend ________five baseballs.

A. have; have B. have; has C. has; have D. has; has

( ) 13. ---Is that your book?

---Yes, ________.

A. it is B. it isn’t C. it’s D. this is

( )14. Miss Wei often helps us ________ our English.

A. at B. in C. of D. with

( )15. I want __________ the music club.

A. join B. to join C. joins D. be join

II.从A、B、C、D中选择最恰当的选项填进文章中去,你会读到一个有意思的故

事。(15分)

I like my Chinese teacher very much. He is a 16 man, about 25 years old. He is tall 17 black short hair. He is a very humorous(幽默的) person. He often 18 us jokes(笑话) and 19 to make our class more 20 . In class, he is a very 21 teacher. If we don’t listen to him carefully, he will give us some punishment(惩罚) by 22 us some questions. But after class, he becomes a very good 23 of us. He often talks with the girls and plays 24 with the boys. All of us really like him. He is our 25 teacher.

( )16. A. old B. young C. very old D. aged

( )17. A. and B. for C. with D. at

( )18. A. tells B. says C. speaks D. speak

( )19. A. a story B. storys C. story D. stories

( )20 A. tired B. difficult C. interesting D. boring

( )21. A. busy B. strict C. interested D. well

home

( )22. A. ask B. asks C. asking D. asked

( )23. A. teacher B. teachers C. friend D. friends

( )24. A. a basketball B. the basketball C. basketballs D. basketball

( )25. A. favorite B. the favorite C. favoritest D. a favorite

III.经过一学期的英语学习,你的阅读理解能力一定有了很大提高。(20分)

A

Dear Mr. Wang,

Someone comes to the office to see you in the morning, but you and your wife are out. He comes here at 10am. Because he is very busy, he goes away half an hour later. He tells me that he is your classmate at college(大学). Now he teaches Chinese in a high school(高中) in this city and he lives near the No. 6 Middle School. He is a very tall man with short hair. He wears a pair of glasses. He tells me his telephone number is 33426685. He is often at home at 7:00 pm. So you can call him in the evening.

( )26. The author(作者) writes this note(便条) to ______.

A. Mr. Wang B. Mr. Wang’s wife C. Mr. Wang’s classmate D. me

( )27. Mr. Wang’s classmate is __________.

A. a teacher B. a worker C. a farmer D. an actor

( )28. When is Mr. Wang’s classmate often at home?

A. In the morning B. In the afternoon. C. At 7:00pm. D. We don’t know.

( )29. How long does Mr. Wang’s classmate stay in the office?

A. Ten hours. B. An hour. C. Two hours. D. Half an hour.

( )30. Which of the following is TRUE?

A. Mr. Wang and his wife are classmates.

B. Mr. Wang’s classmate is short.

C. Mr. Wang goes out with Mrs. Wang in the morning.

D. Mr. Wang’s classmate meets Mr. Wang in the morning.

B

I will never forget my first English class. It is very interesting. It’s the first class in the morning. The teacher goes into the classroom with a smile on his face. At the beginning, he makes a self-introction(自我介绍). And he tells us that his English name is John. Then he asks all of us to think of English names for ourselves. We are very excited(兴奋的) to find a good name. Then he asks us to write our names down on a piece of paper. I think about my English name for a long time. Then I come up with(想出) a beautiful name ---Shirley. All the students write their names down and give the paper to the teacher. When the teacher calls “Shirley” to answer his question, three girls stand up at the same time.

( )31. What do we do in the first English class?

A. Tell the teacher our Chinese names. B. Find English names for ourselves.

C. See an English film. D. Draw pictures.

( )32. What does our teacher do first?

A. He asks every student to make a self-introction.

B. He introces(介绍) himself to all of us.

C. He asks us many difficult questions

D. He tells us a story.

( )33. What’s the English name of our English teacher?

A. Jack. B. Shirley C. John. D. Tom.

( )34. Where do we write down our English names?

A. On the blackboard. B. On the desk.

C. On our hands. D. On the paper.

( )35. Which of the following is TRUE?

A. The teacher gives every student an English name.

B. Our teacher is a young girl.

C. Three girls choose(选择)the name “Shirley”.

D. The teacher calls our Chinese names in class.

IV 单词拼写(每小题1分,共10分)。

36. My mother and father are my p______________.

37. I’m a student. I do my h______________ every day.

38. C____________ is our homeland(祖国).

39. E____________ me, is this your pen?

40. Bill’s pants are long, but Emma’s pants are s____________.

V选词填短文(15分)

song paint classmate .play Saturday sing friend music swim same different picture

I have four good __41____. They’re Jennifer, Victor, Cindy and Leila. We are in the _42____ class. So we’re _43______ too. Jennifer swims very well, she wants to join the ___44____ club. Then she can swim on ___45____or Sundays. Victor wants to join the art club because he is good at __46______. Cindy is a pop music fan. She can sing a lot of __47___. So she wants to join the __48____ club. Leila wants to join the music club because she __49____ the violin very well. And she wants to be a ___50____ when she grows up(长大). I like them.

VI任务性阅读(10分)

My name is Tommy Wang. T-O-M-M-Y, Tommy, W-A-N-G, Wang. I am a Chinese boy. My telephone number is 85523963. My telephone is white. Look! This is my pencil box. ① It’s big and beautiful. It’s white. What’s in it? This is ② ________ eraser. It’s white. This is a pencil. It’s white. ③ This is a ruler. It’s white, too. I like white. I like green, too. Look! ④ My schoolbag is green. My notebook is green, too. But my favorite color is white.

This is my good friend. His name is John. ⑤ He is English. Linda is John’s sister. I like my friend. Like English.

51. 把第①处黑体字部分的句子译成汉语。

___________________________________________________________

52. 在第②处填入一个适当的冠词。

___________________________________________________________

53. 把第③处黑体字部分的句子改成复数。

___________________________________________________________

54. 就第④处黑体字部分句子的划线部分提问。

___________________________________________________________

55. 将第⑤处黑体字部分的句子改为同义句。

___________________________________________________________

VI.书面表达(共15分)

请根据下列提示,写一篇10句话(大约50-70个字左右)的自我介绍。

(1)我叫Frank, 今年14岁,是一名Guang Ming Middle School的学生;

(2)可参照以下句型:I can ….

I like ….

My favorite… is/are ….

My hobby is …/ My hobbies are ….

I go to school ….

七年级英语参考答案

笔试部分

I 1-15 BACBA BCCBB ABADB

II 16-25 BCADC BCCDA

III A: 26-30 AACDC

B: 31-35 BBCDC

IV 36 parents 37 homework 38 China 39 Excuse 40 short

V41friends42same43classmates44swimming45Saturdays46painting47songs

48singing49plays50musician

VI

51. 它大又漂亮。

52. an

53. These are rulers.

54. What color is your schoolbag?

55. He comes from England.

祝你新年快乐,学习更上一层楼!请记得采纳,谢谢!(*^__^*)

难道没答案吗?

我要的是作文

七年级上册英语复习提纲


Unit 1 一.5261短语:

1 .4102be from = come from 来自于---- 2.1653 live in 居住在--- 3. on weekends 在周末

4 .write to sb = write a letter to sb 给某人写信;写信给某人

5 .in the world 在世界上 6.in China 在中国 7.pen pal 笔友

8. 14 years old 14岁  9.favorite subject 最喜欢的科目 10.the United States 美国   the United Kingdom 英国 New York 纽11.speak English 讲英语 like and dislike 爱憎

9.go to the movies 去看电影   play sports 做运动

二.重点句式:

1 Where’s your pen pal from? = Where does your pen pal from/

2 Where does he live? 3 What language(s) does he speak? 4 I want a pen pal in China.

5 I can speak English and a little French. 6 Please write and tell me about yourself.

7 Can you write to me soon? 8 I like going to the movies with my friends and playing sports.

三.本单元的国家,人民、语言对应。

1 Canada---- Canadian---- English / French 2 France------ French------French

3 Japan------Japanese----Japanese 4 Australia----Australian----- English

5 the United States------ American---- English 6 the United Kingdom---British----- Enghish

Unit 2 一.Asking ways: (问路)

1.Where is (the nearest) ……? (最近的)……在哪里?

2.Can you tell me the way to ……? 你能告诉我去……的路吗?

3.How can I get to ……? 我怎样到达……呢?

4.Is there …… near here / in the neighborhood? 附近有……吗?

5.Which is the way to ……? 哪条是去……的路?

二.Showing the ways: (指路)

1. Go straight down / along this street. 沿着这条街一直走。

2. Turn left at the second turning. 在第二个路口向左转。

3. You will find it on your right. 你会在你右手边发现它。

4. It is about one hundred metres from here. 离这里大约一百米远。

5. You’d better take a bus. 你最好坐公交车去。(You’d better+动词原形)

三.词组

1. across from …… 在……的对面 across from the bank 在银行的对面

2. next to…… 紧靠…… next to the supermarket 紧靠超市

3. between……and…… 在……和……之间

between the park and the zoo 在公园和动物园之间

among 表示位于三者或三者以上之间

4. in front of…… 在……前面 There is a tree in front of the classroom. 课室前面有棵树。

in the front of…… 在……(内)的前部 There is a desk in the front of the classroom.

课室内的前部有张桌子。

5. behind…… 在……后面 behind my house 在我家后面

6. turn left/ right 向左/右拐

on the left/right of……在某物的左/右边 on the left of our school 在我们学校的左边

on one’s left/right 在某人的左/右边 on my left在我左边

7. go straight 一直走

8. down /along……沿着……(街道 down/along Center Street 沿着中央街

9. in the neighborhood=near here 在附近 10 welcome to…… 欢迎来到……

11. take /have a walk 散步 12. the beginning of…… ……的开始,前端

at the beginning of…… 在……的开始,前端 in the beginning 起初,一开始

13. have fun=have a good time=enjoy oneself 玩得开心,过得愉快

我昨天玩得很开心。

I had fun yesterday. I had a good time yesterday. I enjoyed myself yesterday.

14. have a good trip 旅途愉快 15. take a taxi 坐出租车

16. 到达:get to +地方 get here/ there/ home 到这/那/家

arrive in +大地方 I arrive in Beijing. arrive at +小地方I arrive at the bank. reach +地方

17.go across 从物体表面横过 go across the street横过马路

go through 从空间穿过 go through the forest穿过树林

18.on + 街道的名称。 Eg: on Center Street

at + 具体门牌号+街道的名称 Eg: at 6 Center Street

三.重难点解析

1.enjoy doing sth 享受做某事的乐趣,喜爱做某事 I enjoy reading. 我喜爱读书。

到目前为止,我们学了两个特殊的动词finish和enjoy,都是要带 doing.

I finish cleaning the room. 我扫完了这间屋子。

2.hope to do sth 希望做某事 I hope to pass this exam. 我希望通过这次考试。

hope +从句 I hope tomorrow will be fine. 我希望明天将会晴朗。

(从句即是一个小句子,这个小句子又放在大句子中,从属于大句子,所以叫从句。如tomorrow will be fine是一个从句,它又放在I hope 的后面,形成句中有句。)

3. if 引导一个表示假设的句子。

If I have much money, I will go to the moon. 如果我有许多钱,我就会去月球。

If you are hungry, you can buy some food in the supermarket.

如果你饿了的话,你可以在超市买一些食物。

四.本单元的反义词、近义词配对

1、new—old 2、 quiet--- busy 3 、dirty--- clean 4 、big---- small

Unit 3 Why do you like koala bears?

一.重点词组

eat grass eat leaves be quiet    very shy   very smart   very cute

play with her friends   kind of      South Africa     other animals

at night      in the day     every day      ring the day

二. 交际用语

1.Why do you like pandas? Because they’re very clever.

2.Why does he like koalas? Because they’re kind of interesting.

3.Where are lions from? They are from South Africa.

4.What other animals do you like? I like dogs, too. Why? Because they’re friendly and clever.

5.Molly likes to play with her friends and eat grass.

6.She’s very shy. 7. He is from Australia.

8.He sleeps ring the day, but at night he gets up and eats leaves.

9.He usually sleeps and relaxes 20 hours every day.

10.Let’s see the pandas first. 11.They’re kind of interesting.

12.What other animals do you like? 13.Why do you want to see the lions?

三. 重点难点释义

1、kind of 有点,稍微 Koala bears are kind of shy. 考拉有点害羞。

kind 还有“种类”的意思

如:各种各样的 all kinds of We have all kinds of beautiful flowers in our school.

2、China n. 中国 Africa n. 非洲

China 和Africa都是专有名词,首字母都应该大写,而且和介词in连用。

There are many kinds of tigers in China. There are many kinds of scary animals in Africa.

3、friendly adj. 友好的,和蔼可亲的

它是名词friend的形容词形式,常常和be动词连用, be friendly。

The people in Cheng are very friendly.

4、with prep. 跟,同,和…在一起

I usually play chess with my father.

注意区别与and的用法,and通常用于连接主语或宾语,连接主语时,

如果有I, I通常放在 and 之后,如:

My father and I usually play chess together.

Play with “和…一起玩耍”“玩…”

I often play with my pet dog. Don’t play with water!

5、day和night 是一对反义词,day 表示白天或一天,night表示夜或夜晚。

通常说in the day, ring the day, at night。

Koala bears often sleep ring the day and eat leaves at night.

6、leaf n. 叶子

复数形式为:leaves, 类似的变化还有:wife—wives, wolf—wolves,

knife—knives,scarf---scarfs(scarves)等。

7、hour n. 小时;点钟 hour前边通常加上冠词an 表示“一个小时”, 即:an hour。

There are 24 hours in a day and 60minutes in an hour.

初一英语上册知识点


[第一类] 名词类

1. 这些女老师们在干什么?

[误] What are the woman teachers doing?

[正] What are the women teachers doing?

[析] 在英语中,当一名词作定语修饰另一名词(单或复数形式)时,作定语的名词一般要用其单数形式;但当man, woman作定语修饰可数名词复数形式时,要用其复数形式men, women.

2. 房间里有多少人?

[误] How many peoples are there in the room?

[正] How many people are there in the room?

[析] people作“人、人们”解时,是个集合名词,其单复数同形。

3. 我想为我儿子买两瓶牛奶。

[误] I want to buy two bottle of milk for my son.

[正] I want to buy two bottles of milk for my son.

[析] 表示不可数名词的数量时,常用“a / an或数词+表量的可数名词+ of + 不可数名词”这一结构,其中当数词大于1时,表量的可数名词要用其复数形式。

[第二类] 动词类

4. 你妹妹通常什么时候去上学?

[误] What time does your sister usually goes to school?

[正] What time does your sister usually go to school?

[析] 借助助动词do(或does)构成疑问句或否定句时,句中的谓语动词用其原形。

5. 琳达晚上经常做作业,但今晚她在看电视。

[误] Linda often do her homework in the evening, but this evening she watching TV.

[正] Linda often does her homework in the evening, but this evening she is watching TV.

[析] 在初一英语学习阶段,我们接触到了两种主要时态:一般现在时和现在进行时。一般现在时表示经常的或习惯性的动作,常和often, usually, sometimes 等时间状语连用。在一般现在时的句子中,若主语是第三人称单数,谓语动词要用其第三人称单数形式。现在进行时表示现阶段正在进行或发生的动作,现在进行时由be(am / is / are)+ving形式构成。

6. 这双鞋是红色的。

[误] This pair of shoes are red.

[正] This pair of shoes is red.

[析] 在shoes, trousers, gloves, glasses等表示成双成对的衣物或工具名词前用pair(表计量)修饰时,谓语动词的形式由pair的单复数形式来决定。

[第三类] 代词类

7. 这张票是她的,不是我的。

[误] This is hers ticket. It’s not my.

[正] This is her ticket. It’s not mine.

[析] 物主代词有形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词之分。形容词性物主代词之后一定要接名词,而名词性物主代词之后不需接任何词。

8. 吴老师教我们英语。

[误] Miss Wu teaches our English.

[正] Miss Wu teaches us English.

[析] teach sb. sth..中的sb.作teach的宾语,因此当sb.为人称代词时要用其宾格形式。

[第四类] 介词类

9. 你能找到这个问题的答案吗?

[误] Can you find the answer of this question?

[正] Can you find the answer to this question?

[析] 英语中用“the answer to …”表示“……的答案”。类似结构还有the key to the door, the way to the zoo等。

10. 格林先生星期六上午来这里。

[误] Mr. Green will come here in Sunday evening.

[正] Mr. Green will come here on Sunday evening.

[析] 表示在上午、下午等时,介词要用in;而表示在具体的某天上午、下午时,介词要用on.

11. 那个穿着红裙子的小女孩是我们老师的女儿。

[误] That little girl on a red skirt is our teacher’s daughter.

[正] That little girl in a red skirt is our teacher’s daughter.

[析] 用介词表示“穿戴衣物”时,只能用in,其他介词没有此用法。

[第五类] 副词类

12. 莉莉,你为什么不回家呢?

[误] Lily, why don’t you go to home?

[正] Lily, why don’t you go home?

[析] come, go 等后接here, there, home等地点副词时,地点副词前不加to。

[第六类] 连词类

13. 我喜欢语文和英语,但我不喜欢体育和历史。

[误] I like Chinese and English, but I don’t like P.E. and history.

[正] I like Chinese and English, but I don’t like P.E. or history.

[析] 在肯定句中并列成分之间用and来连接;而在否定句中,并列成分之间的连接需用or。

[第七类] 冠词类

14. 乘飞机去北京花了史密斯一家人一个小时。

[误] It takes Smiths a hour to go to Beijing by a plane.

[正] It takes the Smiths an hour to go to Beijing by plane.

[析] 1.表示“……一家人”用结构“the + 姓氏复数”;

2.our 一词的第一个字母不发音,它是以元音音素开头的,所以“一小时”要用 an hour;

3.用介词by表示“乘坐”某种交通工具时,交通工具名词前不加任何冠词。

[第八类] 句法类

15. ――你不是学生吗? ――不,我是学生。

[误] ――Aren’t you a student? ――No, I am.

[正] ――Aren’t you a student? ――Yes, I am.

[析] 对否定疑问句的回答是用Yes还是用No,这取决于实际情况:如果事实是肯定的,就用Yes表“不”;如果事实是否定的,就用No表“是的”。

2. 房间里有多少人?

[误] How many peoples are there in the room?

[正] How many people are there in the room?

[析] people作“人、人们”解时,是个集合名

七年级英语上册知识点总结


初一英语上学期期中复习

【学习目标】

一、语音知识

※1.

※2. 单词重读

'dinner 'kitchen 'shower 'people for'get pi'ano de'licious re'view

二、词汇

※ 1. 1-6单元黑体字单词

※ 2. 词组

what about=how about …怎么样(认为如何)

fall asleep=be asleep 入睡

eat up 吃光

go to bed 上床睡觉

watch TV 看电视

only child 独生子、独生女

wash the dishes 洗盘子

at school/home/work 在学校 / 家 / 工作

go up 起床

live with sb. 和某人住在一起

三、日常用语

§1. What's your name?

My name is Mike.

§2. Are you happy?

Yes, I am./No, I'm not.

§3. What's your favorite subject?

My favorite subject is English.

§4. Do you like sports?

Yes, I do./No, I don't.

四、语法

§1. 词类:名词、冠词、形容词、副词

§2. 比较等级

【知识讲解】

※1. 名词

①表示人或事物的名称,如 boy, clock, book, tree。

总的说来,名词分为专有名词和普通名词两大类。

专有名词是个别的人、事物、地点等专有的名称,如: Jim, China

专有名词的第一个字母要大写,如:Beijing, New York

②名词按其所表示的事物的性质分为可数名词和不可数名词。

可数名词:可以用数目计算,有单数和复数两种形式,如:an apple, two apples, a car, some cars

不可数名词:一般无法用数目计算,没有复数形式,且不用不定冠词a/an修饰,如:water, milk, meat, tea, bread, rice

③单数名词变复数名词的规则如下表:

注:①少数名词的复数是不规则的,如: man→men woman→women child→children

②表示民族的名词,有的在词尾加 s ,如: an American→three Americans

③有的单、复数形式相同,如: a Chinese→four Chinese a sheep→three sheep a deer→five deer

※2. 冠词

冠词是一种虚词,不能单独使用,只能和一个名词一起使用,并帮助说明此名词。冠词有两类,即定冠词the 和不定冠词a/an。

①不定冠词 常表示“一”的概念,有两种形式:a和an。a用在辅音音素开头的单数可数名词前,如:a book, a pen;an用在元音音素开头的名词前,如:an apple,an orange,an egg。

②定冠词the 常表示“这个”“那个”“这些”“那些”的概念,the在元音音素前读,在辅音音素前读 ,如:the moon, the evening。

eg. ①-Do you have an English book?

-Yes, but the English book is broken.

② There is a chicken in the picture.

③ We can't see the sun at night.

④ The Browns are going to the park this Sunday.

⑤ Shanghai is in the east of China.

※3. 形容词

用来修饰名词,表示人或事物的特征,在句中可以作定语、表语、宾语补足语。

如: It's a sunny day today. Let's go to the park.

This book is good.

It's very nice of you to help us.

常见形容词的同义词与近义词:

large→big 大的

glad→happy/pleased 高兴的

clever→bright 聪明的

ill→sick 病的

fine→well 好的

常见形容词的反义词和对应词:

bad(坏的)→good(好的)

big(大的)→small(小的)

busy(忙的)→ free(空闲的)

dry(干的)→wet(湿的)

same(相同的)→different(不同的)

empty(空的)→full(满的)

cold(寒冷的)→hot(热的)

open(开着的)→closed(关闭的)

poor(穷的)→rich(富的)

※4. 副词

用来修饰动词、形容词、其他副词或全句,在句中作状语或表语。

eg. Now he is back in New York again.

现在他又回到了纽约。

Mike is a good student. He often does his homework carefully.

副词一般分为七大类:

①时间副词: now, often, then, early, ago, before

②地点副词: here, there, out, above, up, down

③方式副词: hard, well, badly, fast, slowly

④程度副词: very, much, still, almost, too, so

⑤疑问副词: how, when, why, where

⑥关系副词: when, where, why

⑦连接副词: now, where, why

often 等表示“频率”的时间副词,总被放在句子中间,又称“中置副词”。这类副词有 always(总是)、 usually(通常)、sometimes(有时)、ever(曾经)、never(从不)等。

“中置”规律:

①放在单个的 be 动词之后;

②放在单个实义动词之前;

③谓语动词为多个词时,放在第一个助动词或情态动词之后。

如: You are always late for school. 你总是上学迟到。

I usually go to school by bike.

I never see that book.

He often helps other students.

He goes to work on foot sometimes.

※5. 比较等级

在进行比较的时候,形容词和副词有原级、比较级和最高级三种形式。

规则形容词和副词的比较级和最高级加 -er或-est。

(1)不规则变化的形容词和副词如下:

→better→best

→wors →worst

(许多)many/much→more→most

(几乎没有)little→less→least

(远的)far→farther→farthest

(老的,旧的)old

(2)三种句型

① 原级句型:

as+形容词/副词+as,表示“和…一样”;否定句式:not as/so +形容词/副词+as,表示“和…不一样”。

eg. I think Kate does just as well as Ann.

If you like the chicken, you may have as much as you can.

I don't like the film. It's not so interesting as that one.

② 比较级句型:

a. 主语+谓语+比较级+than+其它,表示“较…一些”。

eg. This city is more beautiful than that one.

It is hotter today than yesterday.

He is a much nicer worker.

b. 比较级+and+比较级,more and more+原级,表示“越来越…”,说明本身程度的改变。

eg. The world's population is growing faster and faster.

世界人口增长得越来越快。

more and more beautiful

越来越漂亮

c. the+比较级, the+比较级,表示“越…就越…”,说明随着前边条件的变化,后边的结果也发生变化。

eg. The more she eats, the fatter she'll be. 她吃得越多就会越胖。

The more, the better. 越多越好。

③ 最高级句型:

主语+谓语+(the)形容词或副词的最高级+in/of

注:最高级前一般要用the,如: He is the most careful student.

但在副词最高级前the可以省去,如:He writes(the)most carefully in his class.

This kind of cake is the most delicious.

I like English best.

Mike is the youngest in his class.

He runs fastest.

初一英语上册专题重点动词

一、be动词

1. 根据人称的不同,be动词有三种基本形式,分别为am,is和are。am用于单数第一人称(I);is用于单数第三人称(he,she,it);are用于第二人称和复数第一,二,三人称(we,you,they)。

例:I am fifteen years old.

我十五岁了。

You are my friend forever.

你永远是我的朋友。

He is a hard-working student.

他是一个刻苦努力的学生。

The students are reading books in the classroom.

学生们都在教室里读书。

2. be动词的否定形式直接在后面加not.

I am not fifteen years old.

He is not a hard-working student.

The students are not reading books in the classroom.

3. 把be动词的肯定句变成疑问则要直接把动词be提到句首,变型如下:

Are you fifteen years old?

Is he a hard-working student?

Are the students reading books in the classroom?

二. 行为动词

1. match v. 相称;匹配

● match. . . with. . .

e. g. Match the words with the pictures,please.

请把单词和图画相搭配。

2. practise v. 练习

●practise doing sth. 练习做。。。

e. g. He practices speaking English every day.

他每天都练习读英语。

3. welcome v. 欢迎.

● welcome sb. to sp.

e. g. Please welcome Betty and Tony to our school.

欢迎贝蒂和托尼来我们学校。

4. invite v. 邀请

● invite sb. to do sth.

e.g. Tom invites me to go to the concert with him on Saturday.

汤姆邀请我跟他周六一起去参加音乐会。

● invite sb. to sp.

e. g. Daming invites Tony to the cinema.

大明邀请托尼去看电影。

● invitation(n. )

send an invitation to sb. 对某人发出邀请

5. ask v. 请求

● ask sb. to do sth.

e. g. Tony asks Daming to go to a basketball match.

托尼叫大明一起去看篮球赛。

6. have v. 有

● have lessons上课

● have a rest 休息

● have a look at sth. 看看...

● have dinner 吃饭

● have a good time 玩的开心

● have a break 课间休息

● have a party 举办聚会

e. g. We have three lessons in the morning.

我们早上有三节课。

At eleven o'clock,we have a break and I talk with my friends.

11点我们课间休息,我和我的朋友们聊天。

In the evening,we watch TV and have dinner. I do my homework and go to bed at ten o'clock.

晚上,我们看电视并且吃晚饭。我做作业然后十点上床睡觉。

7. send v. 发送

● send sb sth(send sth. to sb. )

e. g. We usually send him a birthday card.

我们经常送给他一张生日卡片。

8. make v. 制作。

● make sth. for sb.

e. g. And we often make a cake for his birthday.

我们经常为他的生日做一个生日蛋糕。

● make travel plans on the Internet

e. g. Do you often make travel plans on the Internet?

你们经常在网上制定旅游计划么?

● make a trip to the zoo

e. g. Let's make a trip to the zoo.

让我们一起去动物园吧。

9. like v. 喜欢

● like doing sth.

e. g. Daming's uncle likes reading and he reads a lot of books.

大明的叔叔喜欢阅读,并且他经常读很多书。

● would like sth/to do sth.

e. g. Would you like to go to the cinema with Betty and me?

你愿意跟我和贝蒂一起去电影院么?

Would you like some tea?

你想来点茶叶么?

10. talk v. 谈话

● talk to (with) sb.

e. g. I often talk to my friends on the phone.

我经常跟我的朋友打电话。

● talk about sth.

e. g. I often talk about our favorite singers with my best friends after school.

我经常在课后跟我最要好的朋友们谈论我们喜欢的歌星。

11. stay v. 停留

● stay at home

e. g. Let's stay at home and watch TV.

让我们留在家里看电视。

● stay healthy

e. g. Mr. and Mrs. Brown do lots of sports and stay healthy.

布朗先生和布朗太太做很多运动,保持健康。

12. visit v. 参观

● visit sb/sp.

e. g. Welcome to Beijing Zoo. Sixteen thousand people visit it every year.

欢迎来到北京动物园。每年有16000人在此参观。

三. 情态动词can

情态动词特点:

1)后面加动词原型。

2)否定句和疑问句不需要借助助动词构成。

e. g. I can play basketball. Can you?

我会打篮球,你会么?

That can't be our teacher:our teacher is in her office right now.

那不会是我们老师,我们的老师现在正在办公室呢。

动词练习

一. 用适当的介词填空。

1. Can you match the words _______ the pictures?

2. Let's welcome the foreign friends _______ our country.

3. I want to invite my sister ______ my home.

4. Let's have a party and I will send lots of invitations __ my friends.

5. Can I have a look ___________ your new watch?

6. It's Father's Day tomorrow, and I will send a present _____ my father.

7. Can you make a cake _____ me?

8. My parents always buy a birthday cake _____ me ____ my birthday.

9. She usually buys CD _____ her favorite singers.

10. I often talk __ my mother on the phone.

11. Let's stay _____ home and watch TV.

12. I usually download music _____ the Internet.

13. I am a writer and I write my novels _______ my computers.

14. I listen _____ music every day.

15. The polar bear comes ______ the Arctic.

16. He often writes _____ his friends.

17. Every day I often talk_____ my parents_____ the interesting things in school.

18. On my birthday, I get lots of presents _____ my family and friends.

19. Who switch______ the lights? It's so dark in the room, let me switch them

二、用所给动词适当形式填空。

1. Daming ________ (be) in Class Two.

2. Lingling and Daming _____ (be) good friends.

3. Lingling with Daming _____ (be) at school now.

4. He can ____ (speak) English.

5. We can _____ (play) basketball and ______ (swim).

6. Tony _____ (ride) a bike to school every day.

7. Lucy and Lily sometimes _____ (do) their homework at school.

8. I want _____ (invite) Lily ____ (see)a film with me after class.

9. I ask my mother _____ (choose) a book for me.

10. What about _____ ( have ) a birthday party?

11. He likes ________ (play) computer games and __ (play) cards at weekends.

12. Let Lingling ______ (watch) TV with me, please.

13. How about______ (go) swimming on Sunday?

14. I would like _____ (have) dinner with you tomorrow.

15. Let's go and ______ (see) a panda.

三、时态填空。

1. We often _______ (play) in the playground.

2. He _____ (get) up at six o'clock.

3. _____ you _____ (brush) your teeth every morning.

4. What ________ (do) he usually______ (do) after school?

5. Danny _____ (study) English, Chinese, Maths, Science and Art at school.

6. Mike sometimes _____ (go) to the park with his sister.

7. At eight at night, she _____ (watch) TV with his parents.

8. _____ Mike ______ (read) English every day?

9. How many lessons ____ your classmate _____ (have) on Monday?

10. What time _____ his mother _____ (do) the housework?

四. 按要求修改句子。

1. Do you often play basketball after school? (肯定回答)

2. I have a lot of books. (改为否定句)

3. Betty's mother likes playing table tennis. (改为否定句)

4. She lives in a town near New York. (改为一般疑问句)

5. I watch TV every day. (改为一般疑问句)

6. Tom has got a goal. (改为一般疑问句)

7. We have Chinese lessons in the afternoon. (否定句)

8. Nancy doesn't run fast. (肯定句)

9. My dog runs fast.

否定句

10. Mike has two letters for him.

一般疑问句:

否定句:

练习参考答案:

一、用适当的介词填空。

1. with

2. to

3. to

4. to

5. at

6. to

7. for

8. for, on

9. by

10. to(with)

ll. at

12. on

13. on

14. to

15. from

16. to

17. with, about

18. from

19. off, on

二、用所给动词适当形式填空

1. is

2. are

3. is

4. speak

5. play, swim

6. rides

7. do

8. to invite, to see

9. to choose

10. having

11. playing, playing

12. watch

13. going

14. to have

15. see

三、时态填空

1. play

2. gets

3. Do, brush

4. does do

5. studies

6. goes

7. watches

8. Does, read

9. do, have

10. does, do

四、按要求修改句子

1. Yes, we do.

2. I don't have a lot of books.

3. Betty's mother doesn't like playing table tennis.

4. Does she live in a town near New York?

5. Do you watch TV every day?

6. Has Tom got a goal?

7. We don't have Chinese lessons in the afternoon.

8. Nancy runs fast.

9. My dog doesn't run fast.

Does my dog run fast?

10. Does Mike have two letters for him?

Mike doesn't have two letters for him.

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